Trump paid $31m in AMT, compared to $5.3m in federal income tax.
According to documents obtained by Mr. Johnston, Mr. Trump paid $ 36.5 million in income tax of $ 153 million, at a tax rate of about 24%.
The White House inaccurately accused MSNBC and Johnston violating the law and stealing the tax returns, neither of which appear to be true.
"I have no idea where they got it, but it's illegal and they're not supposed to have it, and it's not supposed to be leaked", says Trump in a clip shared Wednesday afternoon ahead of the interview.
Donald Trump Jr. seized on the report, tweeting, "Thank you Rachel Maddow for proving to your #Trump hating followers how successful @realDonaldTrump is $ that he paid $44mm in taxes!"More news: Senior aide says no evidence to support Trump's claim of Obama wiretap
"Donald has a long history of leaking material about himself when he thinks it's in his interest", Johnston said.
Mr Trump based his presidential bid on his talents as a businessman, without revealing the details of his financial affairs.
The White House preemptively announced the top-level tax numbers before Maddow's broadcast and complained that the publication of Trump's tax returns is illegal-which is not true.
The White House has issued a statement saying President Donald Trump made more than $150 million of income in 2005 and paid $38 million in income taxes that year.
"The dishonest media can continue to make this part of their agenda, while the President will focus on his, which includes tax reform that will benefit all Americans", it added. "I fight very hard to pay as little tax as possible", he told ABC in 2016.
Johnston, however, did not provide evidence for that theory and argued later that the White House's response suggested the President was displeased with the release.